BC Energy Step Code

The BC Energy Step Code came into effect in 2018.

The energy we use to heat, power, and cool our homes and buildings makes up over half of Victoria’s total greenhouse gas emissions. As part of the City’s commitment to climate action, Victoria is joining other local governments across the province with the adoption of the BC Energy Step Code.

What is the BC Energy Step Code?

The BC Energy Step Code is an optional compliance path in the BC Building Code that local governments may use to incentivize or require a level of energy efficiency in new construction that goes above and beyond the requirements of the BC Building Code.

When does the Step Code come into effect in Victoria?

Victoria has adopted a phased approach to allow builders time to transition to the new Code requirements.

Starting on January 1, 2020, all new residential and commercial construction in Victoria will be built to be 20% more energy efficient than current code requirements. Building permits will need to demonstrate compliance with the Steps adopted for that building type:

  • Step 3 for Part 9 homes (single-family homes, duplexes, and townhomes - excluding small homes/garden suites)
  • Step 2 for Part 9 small homes/garden suites
  • Step 3 for Part 3 mid-rise/wood-frame residential buildings
  • Step 2 for Part 3 high-rise/concrete residential buildings and commercial buildings.

The City will monitor how projects are doing in terms of achieving the performance requirements before adopting higher Steps of the code.

What makes a Step Code building different from a conventional one?

Currently, the majority of construction in Victoria pursues energy efficiency by having buildings meet specific requirements in the BC Building Code for insulation, windows, furnaces, water heaters, lighting and other equipment and systems. It focuses on individual elements, rather than ensuring the building functions well as a system. The result can be a building that does not perform as well as intended.

The BC Energy Step Code is a performance-based approach to energy efficiency. Builders have more flexibility to comply with the energy-efficiency provisions of the provincial legislation. The new standard empowers builders to pursue innovative, creative, cost-effective solutions—and allows them to incorporate leading-edge technologies as they come available.

To comply with the BC Energy Step Code, builders will use energy software modelling and on-site testing to demonstrate that both their design and the constructed building meet the requirements of the standard. They may use any materials or construction methods to do so.

This approach is similar to that taken by many green-building certification programs, including Natural Resources Canada’s Energy Star for New Homes and R-2000 programs, and Passive House certification, as well as the Canadian Home Building Association’s Net Zero Home and Net Zero Ready Home programs.

Why did the City adopt the Step Code?

High performance homes offer multiple benefits to those who live in them, including lower energy use (helping residents reduce energy bills), improved health, increased comfort, reduced pollution, increased natural light, reduced noise levels, and increased resale value. The BC Energy Step Code supports the community to achieve:

  • Health and Comfort - Studies have shown that high-performance homes are more comfortable and healthier, because they effectively manage temperature and fresh air throughout the building.
  • Less Energy, Lower Bills - The Step Code improves energy efficiency and lowers energy bills compared to homes and buildings with similar systems designed under the BC Building Code.
  • Climate Leadership – Buildings account for 50% of Victoria’s greenhouse gas emissions, and the Step Code aligns with the City and Province’s target of new construction becoming “net-zero energy ready” by 2032.

Energy Modelling Guidelines

For guidance related to Step Code energy modelling requirements, the City will be referencing the City of Vancouver's Energy Modelling Guidelines Version 1, March 2017, amended July 2018.

More Information 

For applicants seeking information on how the BC Energy Step Code affects a project and/or project timelines, please see BC Energy Step Code: Information for Applicants - Land Use Applications and Building Permits. [PDF - 69 KB]

For information and resources on the BC Energy Step Code, including the implementation guide, costing study, technical webinars, and FAQs, visit www.energystepcode.ca.

To provide your input regarding the adoption of the Step Code and the best mechanisms to support industry in its implementation, contact us by email.